Troy A. Clarke Becomes CEO of Navistar
Troy A. Clarke assumed the role of president and chief executive officer of Navistar International Corporation on April 15, 2013, after serving as chief operating officer since August
Since 1831, our history has been interwoven with some of the most defining moments in world history. Whether it was America's westward expansion or WWII, we were there, pushing the limits of what's possible and driving history forward. But that doesn't mean we're stuck in the past. We're determined to keep delivering smart, sustainable technologies - because we believe that innovation defines America's future, too.
Troy A. Clarke Becomes CEO of Navistar
Troy A. Clarke assumed the role of president and chief executive officer of Navistar International Corporation on April 15, 2013, after serving as chief operating officer since August
Read More 2012.
Clarke joined Navistar Inc. in January 2010 as president of Navistar Asia Pacific. He came to Navistar after a distinguished 35-year career at General Motors, where he served as president of GM North America and GM group vice president.
Navistar and JAC Receive Chinese Government Approval for
With the Navistar and Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co. Ltd. (JAC) joint venture, the two companies are working together to build engines to meet the
Read More emerging needs of the Chinese commercial truck market. The new engines will utilize Navistar’s Euro IV and Euro V compliant engine technology.
Navistar Announces a CNG Partnership with Clean Energy
The goal of this partnership is to provide customers with a sustainable, commercially viable solution for adding compressed natural gas (CNG)-powered trucks to
Read More their fleets. Navistar is offering its International® TranStar® with a Cummins Westport ISL G engine while Clean Energy is working to build the necessary infrastructure of natural gas filling stations in North America.
Lewis Campbell Becomes CEO of Navistar
Shortly after his arrival, Mr. Campbell, working with the Chief Operating Officer Troy Clarke and the Board, defined a clear path forward for the company. Together they developed
Read More strategies to drive growth and create shareholder value. One of Mr. Campbell’s first decisions was to re-start the company’s long-standing relationship with engine-maker Cummins.
Navistar Re-established Its 75 Year Relationship with
When Navistar’s innovative Advanced EGR system did not receive EPA approval, the company re-established its relationship with Cummins. Late in 2012,
Read More International® ProStar®+ Class 8 trucks equipped with the Cummins ISX15 and SCR-based Cummins Emission Solutions aftertreatment system began rolling off the production line in Escobedo, Mexico. This long-awaited pairing of truck and engine was well received by dealers and customers alike.
Pure Power Technologies Begins Compacted Graphite Block
Pure Power Technologies, LLC, a Navistar company, began casting compacted graphite iron engine blocks at its Indianapolis Metalcastings facility. These
Read More blocks are both lighter and stronger than those made with traditional cast iron.
NC2 Becomes a Navistar Subsidiary
In 2008 Navistar and Caterpillar formed a Joint Venture known as NC2. This 50/50 joint venture designed and built on-highway Caterpillar trucks for the U.S. and world markets. In 2011, NC2
Read More became a wholly owned subsidiary of Navistar. This JV is only one example of a long-standing and successful business relationship Navistar has with Caterpillar.
Navistar Defense Introduces the International®
Navistar Defense introduced a new, light tactical vehicle—the International Saratoga. This light-weight, highly-mobile, multipurpose vehicle offers a significant
Read More level of survivability. The cost-effective platform utilizes new design innovations that maximize protection and versatility. It is an ideal vehicle for a wide variety of missions.
Acquisition of Continental Mixers
As part of an ongoing effort to expand into adjacent markets, Navistar acquired Continental Mixers, the largest privately-held mixer manufacturer in North America.The goal was to provide an
Read More integrated, one-stop shopping experience for customers. Mixers are another good example of purpose-built products—a specialty of Navistar. Continental Mixers will continue to mount mixers on International® chassis in addition to chassis made by other original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).
International® TerraStar® is Introduced
When a large competitor exited the Class 4/5 truck market, Navistar chose to capitalize on the opportunity by developing a new truck in less than a year.This ability to react quickly
Read More to the changing competitive landscape demonstrates one of the company’s strong suits.The TerraStar offered commercial-grade components, ease of operation and efficient power.
Barack Obama is Inaugurated as President of the United States
International® LoneStar® Takes the Stage
Navistar continued to build on its place in the heavy truck segment with this groundbreaking design. The LoneStar essentially carved out a new category for itself, the Advanced
Read More Classic.This model was designed with the owner/operator in mind. It offered a multitude of custom options and eye-popping style. A driver no longer needed to choose between style and low cost of ownership; the LoneStar delivered it all.
Acquisition of Monaco Coach
Monaco, at the time of the acquisition, was one of the largest manufacturers of recreational vehicles with legendary brand names such as Monaco and Holiday Rambler®.The RV product line fit the
Read More strategy of leveraging assets to expand the diesel engine business at Navistar.This acquisition would also complement the Workhorse® Custom Chassis business. Production of most RV products was moved from Oregon to Indiana where new products were quickly in the works.
Contract Awarded for Mine Resistant Ambush Protected
Vehicle Program br>
In May 2007, the relatively small defense operation of Navistar
was awarded a $623 million contract for production of its
version of the innovative Mine
Read More Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle—the International® MaxxPro®.The military called for rapid production of this new lifesaving vehicle, and Navistar proudly stepped up to the challenge. By 2012, Navistar Defense delivered almost 9,000 MaxxPro vehicles in nine different variants to the U.S. military and its allies, helping to save the lives of servicemen and women in harm’s way.
International® Introduces the ProStar®
International reset its heavy product segment with the introduction of the most aerodynamic Class 8 truck on the market, the ProStar. Five years and millions of hours in the making,
Read More the International ProStar was designed to provide best-in-class fuel economy, unparalleled driver satisfaction, unprecedented uptime and the lowest cost of ownership.
Navistar acquired MWM, South America’s leading diesel engine producer and exporter, to give the company a stronghold in Brazil.With manufacturing facilities in Brazil and Argentina, MWM employs some 4,000
Read More workers including more than 300 engineers.The company makes Navistar engines, as well as private label engines for others including Volkswagen (VW), Land Rover, General Motors (GM) and Volvo. MWM exports to over 30 countries on five continents.
Mahindra Joint Venture
Reviving a former relationship from the 1960s, Navistar and automaker Mahindra & Mahindra of India, created a new truck partnership in 2005, followed by an engine venture in 2007. Utilizing the
Read More expertise of both companies, these agreements set in motion plans for the production of trucks and engines in India.These modern trucks would be designed to meet the specific transport needs of the subcontinent.
International Hybrid Trucks
When the International® 4000 Series Hybrid was introduced it was the first commercial diesel/electric hybrid on the market. Prior to this rollout, 22 prototype Class 6 utility trucks were tested
Read More by real world customers for a year.At the end of the year, each customer had the opportunity to return the truck in exchange for one with a conventional diesel engine, but none did.A second test followed with 50 trucks, and again none were returned, proving the concept to be production worthy.
Navistar re-entered the defense industry in 2003 with the creation of a new business unit committed to building and selling products to the U.S. armed forces.The International® 7000-MV Series was one of the
Read More first major contracts awarded to Navistar Defense.The vehicles utilized the company’s existing commercial assets, which included the 7000 Series platform. Since then, there have been many other successful products developed for the military.
New Engine Facilities
In 2002, a new plant was constructed in Huntsville, Alabama to build Mid-Range diesel engines.Then in 2008, a second plant was constructed nearby to build Big Bore diesels.The production lines in both
Read More of these high-tech plants are flexible with the ability to build various engine sizes on the same line, at the same time.These engines represent state-of-the-art construction with their durable, light weight, compacted graphite iron blocks.
George W. Bush is Inaugurated as President of the United States
The Next Generation of Vehicles
This new line of trucks was the first completely new series since 1987. During the development phase, the platform was known internally as NGV (Next Generation Vehicle).The first truck to be
Read More introduced was the 4300, later known as the DuraStar®.This new group of trucks later included the ProStar®,WorkStar® and TranStar®, among others.
Global Expansion Continues
In 1998, Navistar moved the manufacturing of the cab-over-engine, International® 9800 highway tractor to Brazil. Then, in 2011, the company moved some of the medium-duty, DuraStar® manufacturing
Read More to Brazil as well. Beyond Brazil, the 9800 is exported to other South American countries. Other International truck models sold in South America are currently manufactured in Escobedo, Mexico.
Bill Clinton is Inaugurated as President of the United States
Navistar Begins the Acquisition of AmTran
The company had been making school buses with the help of third party coach builders since 1922. Navistar began its acquisition of bus body maker AmTran in 1991 by purchasing a
Read More one-third stake in the company. By April of 1995, the sale of the remaining two-thirds was complete. In 2002, the AmTran name was changed to IC Corporation (later re-named IC Bus™).With this acquisition, Navistar became the first completely integrated coach maker—a manufacturer of both chassis and bodies.The company has enjoyed a significant market share and has extended the line to include commercial buses.
George H. W. Bush is Inaugurated as President of the United States
International Trucks Announces the Thousand Series
In 1987, a new truck, the 8300 was introduced. Its smooth, fiberglass front end incorporated a grill without chrome—a radical idea in the truck world.The 8300 had been
Read More designed to be aerodynamic for fuel efficiency, but the resulting style was a very modern, distinctive look. In the following years, an extensive line of medium and heavy trucks was developed based on this groundbreaking style. Internally this line was known as QSP, but externally and unofficially it was the Thousand Series.
The year 1986 brought a new beginning to this 155 year old company, now known as Navistar.The company would limit itself to building trucks, buses and engines.With this more focused business plan, the outlook for
Read More the company began to improve, although sales growth experienced in the boom years of the 1950s and 1960s was now ancient history.
Fighting for Survival
As the company’s financial crisis grew, it became apparent that drastic measures were necessary. In 1980 the company discontinued the Scout line of trucks. In 1981 the Cub Cadet line of lawn tractors
Read More was sold as well as the Solar Division of gas turbine products. In 1982 the Construction Equipment business was sold to Dresser Industries. But the largest, and almost unthinkable happened in 1984 when the 153 year old agricultural business was sold to the Tennaco subsidiary of Case.
Louis Menk Becomes President of International
Menk spent his career as a railroad executive. He was a member of the IH board when he was called on for a temporary stint as President of the International
Read More Harvester. During his six month tenure he guided the company through many difficult restructuring decisions.
Ronald Reagan is Inaugurated as President of the United States
Jimmy Carter is Inaugurated as President of the United States
The Axial Flow Combine
Starting with horse-drawn combines in the 1920s, the company continuously worked to improve the technology of this important farm tool—a combination of a harvester and a thresher. In 1977, after more
Read More than one million man-hours of engineering and testing, International Harvester introduced a game-changing design.This new axial flow technology completely revolutionized the harvesting of grain.
Archie McCardell Becomes President of International
When McCardell was recruited by Brooks McCormick from his position as CEO of Xerox, IH was ranked as number 28 in sales among all U.S. companies and 346th in
Read More return on sales. McCardell had to deal with a free falling agricultural market, a difficult truck market and a labor crisis— unprecedented difficulties for this proud company. His valiant attempt to rebuild the company to its former self failed and he was replaced in 1982.
Gerald Ford is Sworn in as President of the United States
International Product on the Moon
In August of 1969, Apollo astronaut Alan Bean installed a container of nuclear fuel to power the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP) on the moon.This Beryllium container,
Read More designed to hold the 1,400° F fuel, was made by the Solar Division of International Harvester. Solar had been working with NASA for much of the 1960s on the Saturn V Rocket program—the rockets used to launch most of the Apollo missions.
Richard M. Nixon is Inaugurated President of the United States
Voltas Joint Venture
The company entered into a joint venture with Voltas Limited to build farm tractors in India.Voltas would later be known as Mahindra & Mahindra.These McCormick International tractors were built in
Read More Bombay (now known as Mumbai).This successful partnership was a precursor to the joint ventures of today including a 2005 joint venture with Mahindra & Mahindra to build trucks and engines.
Lyndon B. Johnson is Sworn In as President of the United States
John F. Kennedy is Inaugurated President of the United States
The Scout — A Forerunner to the Modern-Day
The Scout was International Harvester’s most popular consumer vehicle of all time. Originally designed as something to “replace the horse,” it was manufactured from 1961 to
Read More 1980 and is considered to be a forerunner of the modern-day SUV.The original version had a canvas top, two removable doors and a folding windshield. International Harvester’s lead designer,Ted Ornas is still revered around the world for this icon of design.
The Federal Highway Act starts the building of the Interstate Highway System
The International Travelall is Introduced
This innovative vehicle was a precursor to the modern-day SUV. In 1957 it was the first vehicle of its type to offer a second door on the passenger side for better access to the
Read More rear seats.A fourth passenger door was added in 1961.The Chevy Suburban, a direct competitor to the Travelall did not have four passenger doors until 1973.
Dwight D. Eisenhower is Inaugurated President of the United States
Hough Acquisition Construction Equipment
International Harvester began making crawler tractors in 1929.The company purchased the Frank G. Hough Co. in 1952 and greatly expanded its offerings in the construction
Read More category. Heavy-duty and often over-sized construction equipment was now part of the mix.This acquisition coincided with the country’s dramatic growth after World War II.The equipment was suited for the new construction of the highway system and suburbia.
The Cab-Over-Engine Highway Trucks
After the war International re-introduced the cab forward and cab-over-engine trucks.This time they were designed as highway trucks. One of the most popular International Trucks of all
Read More time was the Modal DCOF-405, otherwise known as the “Emeryville”. Built to enable truckers to haul more goods while meeting the overall length laws, the Emeryville was the best selling truck on American highways for four consecutive years in the 1960s.
International Introduces the Model L Line of
This new line of trucks encompassed everything from a pickup to a highway tractor. It featured the new “Comfo-Vision” cab.The cab was the first to have a one piece, wrap
Read More around windshield. It offered more head and leg room than any previous cab and a heating and ventilating system.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization Ratified
Jackie Robinson Breaks the Color in Major League Baseball
The Baby Boom Begins
The Yalta Conference
Harry S Truman is Inaugurated President of the United States
The Cotton Picker
The McCormick-Deering H-10-H Cotton Picker, introduced in 1943, was the first practical mechanical cotton picker. It did for cotton farmers what the reaper had done for grain farmers more than 100 years
Read More earlier. International Harvester began experimenting as early as 1923, but none of the company’s or the competitor’s models succeeded until 20 years later. Acceptance of this product grew slowly and did not reach meaningful production until the 1950s.
WWII Military Production
In the wake of Pearl Harbor, International Harvester, like other American companies, ramped up its defense production, converting and expanding its factories to meet the demand. IH manufactured a
Read More variety of trucks, half tracks, torpedoes, large guns, munitions, and more. Some of the trucks were military versions of the company’s commercially available trucks and others, like this M-2-4, were strictly designed for military use.
Fowler McCormick Becomes Chairman of International
Fowler was president of the company during WW II and in the boom years that followed. He was the grandson of John D. Rockefeller and Cyrus McCormick. He worked
Read More his up through lower level positions within the company. These experiences gave him real insight into issues faced by the employees. As President, he elevated labor-management relations and anti-discriminatory policies to new heights.
Germany Invades Poland
Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor
International Introduces the Farmall H.
Renowned Industrial Designer Raymond Loewy was hired to redesign the Farmall line of tractors.This new letter series included the Model H, which became International Harvester’s best
Read More selling tractor of all time. It was on the market until 1953.This model was the best selling of all Farmall tractors over the years.
International Begins to Build Trucks with Cummins
In 1938 International Truck dealers on the west coast began replacing International engines with Cummins engines to provide the power customers wanted—especially
Read More customers hauling heavier loads or double trailers.That same year International began building the heavier duty D-Series trucks with extended hoods to accommodate the larger Cummins engines.
International D-Series Introduced
Unlike earlier truck series that were phased in gradually, the entire D-Series, ranging from 1/2-ton to 10-ton capacity, was introduced within about a month. Despite the harsh economic
Read More conditions of the time, the D-Series, which even included a woody station wagon, was enthusiastically received by the buying public.
Frances Perkins Becomes First Woman to Hold a U.S. Cabinet Position
International Innovation — The First Tandem
International built the first tandem axle, six-wheel trucks in 1934, providing power to both rear axles.When working on uneven terrain at construction sites, as these trucks
Read More often did, the powered set of wheels could easily become suspended, leaving the truck powerless.With a tandem axle, at least one set of wheels is in contact with the ground at all times to keep the truck moving.
Franklin D. Roosevelt is Inaugurated President of the United States
The First Diesel Engine
In 1933, International Harvester produced its first diesel engine, the D-40, which was a four-cylinder, four-cycle, overhead valve, pre-combustion, full-diesel engine.These engines were made at the
Read More company’s Tractor Works in Chicago and were used in TD-40 crawler tractors.Three years later, the company introduced its first six-cylinder diesel engine, the D-80, followed by its first diesel-powered truck in 1937.
Exclusive Contract for The Hoover Dam
The builders of the Hoover Dam selected International Harvester as the exclusive supplier of trucks for this enormous construction project. Before the actual dam could be built, four
Read More diversion tunnels needed to be cut out of solid rock to reroute the river. Each tunnel was 56 feet in diameter and 4,000 feet long.To get the project started, these sturdy trucks ran 24 hours a day, seven days a week to haul rock from the site.
Herbert Hoover is Inaugurated President of the United States
The Stock Market Crash Leads to The Great Depression
International Innovation — The Two-Speed Rear
The 1928 Six-Speed Special was the first truck equipped with a two-speed rear axle.This essentially upgraded a three-speed transmission to six speeds.With six speeds,
Read More trucks could pull a heavy load easily which was important during a time when more powerful trucks were in great demand.The low, first gear was especially helpful to pull large loads up a steep hill.
Charles Lindbergh Becomes the First to Fly Solo Across the Atlantic
The Farmall Regular Revolutionizes
After years of work, International Harvester introduced the Farmall Regular—a tractor that revolutionized row crop farming on a global scale. It had all the features farmers were
Read More looking for—a triangular stance, high ground clearance, a small turning radius, substantial power and the ability to easily change implements.Versions of the Farmall tractor were manufactured until 1985 when the agricultural equipment business was sold to Tenneco, parent company of J.I. Case.
International Innovation — The Wet Cylinder
In 1924, International introduced to the truck manufacturing industry what was hailed as revolutionary and “the greatest single improvement ever made on a motor truck
Read More engine”—removable, wet cylinder sleeves. Since that time, replaceable sleeves have been virtually standard on truck engines of all makes. Before this, having worn or scored cylinders meant removing the engine and re-boring the engine block.With replaceable sleeves, the engine could be easily and inexpensively rebuilt without removing the engine from the chassis.
Red Baby —Dealership Service Trucks
The smallest of the new S-Series trucks was a pickup. Each dealership in North America owned at least one of these red pickups, affectionately known as Red Babys.With these trucks
Read More International dealers found it easy to regularly call on their rural customers, delivering orders, making service calls or just socializing.The Red Babys became a very common site on the backroads of the U.S. and Canada.The Red Baby nickname became so ingrained in the culture that it bacame a generic term for any service truck owned by an auto, truck or tractor dealership.
Calvin Coolidge is Inaugurated President of the United States
Fort Wayne, Indiana Factory
As roads improved and demand for motor trucks soared, International Harvester began construction of a truck factory in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Production at the site began in 1923, the same year
Read More that truck production started at the Chatham Works in Ontario. Meanwhile, the Springfield Works had been converted to truck manufacturing in 1921.
Alexander Legge Becomes President of International
The former cowboy becomes one of the most important presidents of IHC. He lead the company through the difficult, earliest days of the Great Depression. He also
Read More served President Woodrow Wilson as Vice Chairman of the War Industries Board during WWI and wrote the economic section of the Treaty of Versailles. For a second time, in 1931, Legge became president of the company.
The Company's First School Bus
In 1922, International Harvester built its first school bus using an S-Series truck chassis.The first buses could seat up to 25 children. Earlier, third party coach builders had used
Read More International truck chassis to create both commercial jitneys and school buses, but it was 1922 when the company began to focus on this business.
Warren G. Harding is Inaugurated President of the United States
International Innovation — The Power Take
International Harvester introduced a powered wheel on their Model 8-16 Tractor. It was designed to power other pieces of farm equipment by using a wide, long leather belt.The
Read More company then produced a series of farm machinery to work with the PTO.They included a hay press, conveyors and a hammer mill.
Harold McCormick Becomes President of the McCormick
Harvesting Machine Company
Cyrus McCormick’s middle son takes over as president and creates the company’s innovative Employee Representation Plan. Harold was married to
Read More Edith Rockefeller, daughter of Standard Oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller from 1895 to 1921.
Early on the company realized there was an enormous market for all kinds of farm implements. So beyond the reapers, binders and mowers, International Harvester sold huge volumes of thousands of different
Read More implements every year.At first these devices were made for horse-drawn applications and later for tractors.
International Truck Models G, H, K and L
This series of similar looking, but different size trucks was the modern replacement for the high wheelers.These new models had sloping, French-style hoods with the radiator
Read More positioned at the rear of the engine compartment. This was done to keep them from being easy prey for vandals.The teamsters, who’s business it was to handle teams of horses, feared the competition these new motorized trucks would cut into their business and did what they could to curtail their popularity.
World War I Begins
Woodrow Wilson is Inaugurated President of the United States
William Howard Taft is Inaugurated President of the United States
The Auto Wagon
Commonly known as the Farmer’s Wagon,The Auto Wagon was much like the Auto Buggy with the back seat removed. It was the company’s first truck and could haul up to 800 lbs. of cargo.The original models were
Read More built with an air-cooled engine, and later models with a water-cooled engine using one of Johnston’s invention — the radiator.
Henry Ford Introduces the Model T
First All International Harvester
International Harvester entered the tractor market in 1906 with a unit manufactured by the Ohio Manufacturing Company.Two years later, the first tractors built entirely at
Read More International Harvester’s Akron Works went on the market. By 1910, the Titan and Mogul tractors represented over a third of the American tractor production.
The Auto Buggy
In 1907, the company introduced the Auto Buggy, the company’s first passenger vehicle. After developing the company’s first gasoline engine, engineer E. A. Johnston worked on a motorized buggy for years and
Read More finally convinced Cyrus McCormick Jr. to begin production in 1907.
Truly International — Global Expansion
Due to high demand for product overseas, International Harvester opened manufacturing facilities in foreign countries including Norrköping, Sweden (1905); Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Read More (1910); Lubertzy, Russia (1910); and Düsseldorf, Germany (1911). The company also continued to expand its dealer network. By 1912, IHC had 36,000 dealerships in 38 countries around the world and was truly an international company.
International Harvester adopted the concept of vertical integration and began acquiring pieces of their supply chain. William Deering had started this process before the merger with McCormick. IH owned
Read More three iron ore mines, two large ore boats, a coal mine (and the entire town), a steel mill, three sisal plantations and 90 square miles of hardwood forests.
International Harvester Company
The International Harvester Company is born with the personal help of J. P. Morgan after Cyrus McCormick Jr. agrees to merge his McCormick Harvesting Machine Company with William Deering’s
Read More Deering Harvester Company and three other smaller firms. By 1910 the company was the 4th largest in the U.S.
Theodore Roosevelt is Sworn in as President of the United States
President William McKinley is Assassinated
The “New” Second Wave of Immigration
Spanish American War
First McCormick Gasoline Engine
In 1897 E.A. Johnston developed the first McCormick gasoline combustion engine, for stationary use on farms. The following spring, Johnston modified the design and installed the engine on a
Read More lightweight wagon chassis. The stationary engines would go into full production in 1905.
William McKinley is Inaugurated President of the United States
World’s Columbian Exhibition
Sears, Roebuck and Company Founded
Grover Cleveland is Inaugurated President of the United States
Sherman Antitrust Act
Benjamin Harrison is Inaugurated President of the United States
Grover Cleveland is Inaugurated President of the United States
Gottlieb Damler Invents the Gasoline Engine
Cyrus McCormick Jr. Becomes President of the
When Cyrus McCormick died in 1884 his oldest son, 25 year old Cyrus Jr., took over control of the company. Cyrus Jr. was educated at Princeton and had a good sense of
Read More business like his father. Cyrus Jr. was personal friends with Woodrow Wilson, a classmate at Princeton. During his 24 years as a guiding force of the company, he would oversee major milestones including the merger with William Deering’s company to create International Harvester, as well as the first company engine, automobile, truck and tractor.
Chester Arthur is Inaugurated President of the United States
James Garfield is Inaugurated President of the United States
McCormick Twine Binder
After a few years it became obvious that the wire used in a wire binder was causing injury to farm animals. To remedy the situation, McCormick, following the lead of competitor William Deering,
Read More licensed new twine binder technology from inventor John Appleby. The volume of twine necessary to support this product made it necessary for the company to create large sisal plantations in Mexico, Cuba and the Philippines and twine mills in Chicago (2), Auburn, New York, New Orleans, Louisana, St. Paul, Minnesota, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Neuss, Germany, Norrkoping, Sweden and Croix, France.
McCormick Wire Binder
Charles Withington brought his design for a self-binder to McCormick in 1872. The machine would not only cut the wheat but it would bind it into sheafs and deposit them on the ground. McCormick liked
Read More the idea and purchased it from Withington, made further refinements and began selling these self binders in 1877. Until this time a group of workers would need to follow the reaper to gather the cut wheat and tie it into sheafs by hand.
Rutherford B. Hayes is Inaugurated President of the United States
Great Chicago Fire Destroys the First McCormick Reaper Works
Ulysses S. Grant is Inaugurated President of the United States
Transcontinental Railroad Completed
Stanton Credits the Reaper
After the end of The Civil War, Abraham Lincoln’s Secretary of War Edwin Stanton credits the McCormick Reaper with the North’s victory and keeping the nation intact. “By taking the place of
Read More regiments of young men in the western harvest fields, it releases them to do battle for the Union at the front and at the same time keeps up the supply of bread for the Nation and the Nation’s armies. Thus, without McCormick’s invention, I fear the North could not win and the Union would be dismembered.”
McCormick Reaper in the U.S. Capitol
In 1865 Italian artist Constantion Brumidi begins painting fresco murals in the U.S. Capitol Building. One of them depicts Ceres, Goddes of Grain, (the origin of our word
Read More “ceral”) sitting on a McCormick Reaper. This image is referenced in Dan Brown’s 2009 novel The Lost Symbol.
Andrew Johnson is Inaugurated President of the United States
Homestead Act Signed into Law
Civil War Begins
Abraham Lincoln is Inaugurated President of the United States
James Buchanan is Inaugurated President of the United States
McCormick v. Manny and Lincoln
In 1854, Cyrus McCormick, defending his reaper patent, was challenged by John Manny of Rockford, Illinois. As the case was planned for Springfield, Illinois, Manny hired local attorney Abraham
Read More Lincoln who studied the case and prepared a brief. However, when the case was moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, Lincoln was dismissed. Lincoln stayed to observe the proceedings and was paid a substantial sum for his services after Manny won this round in court.
Award Winning Products and Business
McCormick brought his reaper to the first World’s Fair in London, “The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of all Nations,” and won top honors. He, and later his son Cyrus
Read More Jr., would continue to exhibit their machinery and win medals to bring recognition to the company’s products. McCormick pioneered public relations by creating advertisements back home featuring these medals.
Millard Fillmore is Inaugurated President of the United States
First Franchise Dealership Network
The genius of Cyrus McCormick was not limited to his engineering abilities. His visionary take on business was equally important to his company’s success. McCormick was a true
Read More pioneer—starting in about 1850 he began to establish many of the practices still in use today. He created the first franchise dealership network of any kind, anywhere, and on a global scale. This style of dealership network is used today by every major automaker.
Zachary Taylor is Inaugurated President of the United States
California Gold Rush
James Polk is Inaugurated President of the United States
Invention of the Telegraph — Samuel Morse
John Tyler is Inaugurated President of the United States
William Henry Harrison is Inaugurated President of the United States
Invention of the Steel Plow - John Deere
Martin Van Buren is Inaugurated President of the United States
Invention of the Threshing Maching - John Pitts
Invention of the Sewing Machine - Elias Howe
As the North American continent unfolded to agriculture, the need for extra labor at harvest time grew exponentially. A host of inventors tried to solve the problem, but it was 22-year-old Cyrus McCormick
Read More who stuck with it and after numerous refinements devised the first truly practical mechanical reaper. McCormick’s innovation transcended technology. The business Cyrus McCormick built on the basis of his invention pioneered modern manufacturing and sales techniques. Jo Anderson, a slave on the McCormick farm in Virginia, toiled alongside Cyrus in the farm’s blacksmith shop during the reaper’s development. Their friendship endured long after the abolition of slavery.